AIMS: Transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) with dedicated devices promises to fill the treatment gap between open-heart surgery and edge-to-edge repair for patients with severe mitral regurgitation (MR). We herein present a single-centre experience of a TMVR series with two transapical devices.
METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 11 patients were treated with the Tendyne™ (N = 7) or the Tiara™ TMVR systems (N = 4) from 2016 to 2020 either as compassionate-use procedures or as commercial implants. Clinical and echocardiographic data were collected at baseline, discharge and follow-up and are presented in accordance with the Mitral Valve Academic Research Consortium (MVARC) definitions. The study cohort [age 77 years (73, 84); 27.3% male] presented with primary (N = 4), secondary (N = 5) or mixed (N = 2) MR etiology. Patients were symptomatic (all NYHA III/IV) and at high surgical risk [logEuroSCORE II 8.1% (4.0, 17.4)]. Rates of impaired RV function (72.7%), severe pulmonary hypertension (27.3%), moderate or severe tricuspid regurgitation (63.6%) and prior aortic valve replacement (63.6%) were high. Severe mitral annulus calcification was present in two patients. Technical success was achieved in all patients. In 90.9% (N = 10) MR was completely eliminated (i.e. no or trace MR). Procedural and 30-day mortality were 0.0%. At follow-up NYHA class was I/II in the majority of patients. Overall mortality after 3 and 6 months was 10.0% and 22.2%.
CONCLUSIONS: TMVR was performed successfully in these selected patients with complete elimination of MR in the majority of patients. Short-term mortality was low and most patients experienced persisting functional improvement.