Heart rate turbulence and deceleration capacity for risk prediction of serious arrhythmic events in Marfan syndrome


OBJECTIVE: Marfan syndrome (MFS) is associated with a substantial risk for ventricular arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death (SCD). We used heart rate turbulence (HRT) and deceleration capacity (DC), to evaluate the risk stratification for these patients.

METHODS: We enrolled 102 patients [45 male (44.1 %), age 40.5 ± 14.6 years] with MFS. Blood samples were obtained to determine N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels. Transthoracic echocardiography studies were conducted to evaluate heart function parameters and a 24-h holter ECG was performed. An analysis of two HRT parameters, turbulence onset (TO) and turbulence slope (TS), and DC was performed. Therefore, optimal cut-off values were calculated. Primary endpoint was the combination of SCD, ventricular arrhythmia and arrhythmogenic syncope. Secondary endpoint was total mortality.

RESULTS: During a follow-up of 1145 ± 491 days, 12 (11.7 %) patients reached the primary and 8 (7.8 %) patients the secondary endpoint. Patients reaching the primary were significantly older, had a higher burden of premature ventricular complexes and NT-proBNP levels and lower values of LVEF, DC and HRT TS. Multivariate analysis identified NT-proBNP (HR 1.25, 95 % CI 1.01-1.56, p = .04) and the abnormal HRT (abnormal TS and/or TO (HR 7.04, 95 % CI 1.07-46.27, p = .04) as independent risk predictor of arrhythmogenic events.

CONCLUSION: Patients with Marfan syndrome are at risk for severe ventricular arrhythmias and SCD. Abnormal HRT parameters and NT-proBNP values are independent risk factors for arrhythmogenic events and SCD. The assessment of these tools may help predicting SCD patients with MFS.

Bibliografische Daten

StatusVeröffentlicht - 12.2015
PubMed 26033711