BACKGROUND: The potential complications following aortic reconstruction surgery are diverse and potentially life-threatening. Besides the well known complications of open aortic repair (OAR) the spectrum of complications has been extended and shifted by the growing use of endovascular aortic repair (EVAR).
AIM: The most common complications of open as well as endovascular aortic surgery are presented in a summarizing review. The focus is placed on the presentation of cardiovascular and nephrological complications, colonic ischemia, as well as aortic graft infections and graft fistulas. Spinal ischemia and endoleaks after EVAR are also discussed. Additionally epidemiological data, risk factors and basic therapeutic principles are outlined.
CONCLUSION: Aortic reconstruction surgery can be associated with severe complications, the main features of which should be known by all surgical specialties.