Optimal pharmacological treatment of symptomatic peripheral arterial occlusive disease and evidence of female patient disadvantage: An analysis of health insurance claims data

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Optimal pharmacological treatment of symptomatic peripheral arterial occlusive disease and evidence of female patient disadvantage: An analysis of health insurance claims data : Editor´s Choice. / Peters, Frederik; Kreutzburg, Thea; Rieß, Henrik C; Heidemann, Franziska; Marschall, Ursula; L'Hoest, Helmut; Debus, Eike S; Sedrakyan, Art; Behrendt, Christian-Alexander.

in: EUR J VASC ENDOVASC, Jahrgang 60, Nr. 3, 01.09.2020, S. 421-429.

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@article{9ac6cca4fa9d4a74bd051634f2216790,
title = "Optimal pharmacological treatment of symptomatic peripheral arterial occlusive disease and evidence of female patient disadvantage: An analysis of health insurance claims data: Editor´s Choice",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: Optimal pharmacological treatment (OPT) for peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) includes prescription of lipid lowering drugs, antithrombotics, and antihypertensives to symptomatic patients affected by intermittent claudication or chronic limb threatening ischaemia. This study sought to determine sex disparities and time trends in prescription of OPT in this population (clinicaltrials.gov NCT03909022).METHODS: Using data from the second largest insurance fund in Germany, BARMER, data on patients with an index admission for symptomatic PAOD between 1 January 2010 and 30 June 2018 with follow up until the end of 2018 were analysed. Sex disparities in post-discharge prescription status six months after index admission were tested and adjusted for patient and healthcare variables using bivariable tests and logistic regression analysis. Time trends in the prescription prevalence of OPT were analysed and tested.RESULTS: There were 83 867 patients (mean age 71.9 years and 45.8% women) eligible for inclusion in the study. When compared with men, women had lower rates of prior outpatient care for PAOD (39.8% vs. 47.0%), were admitted more often with ischaemic rest pain (13.9% vs. 10.4%) and were older (74 vs. 70 y). After discharge, women had a lower rate of prescriptions for lipid lowering drugs (52.4% vs. 59.9%), while they received antihypertensive drugs more often (86.7% vs. 84.1%). We found evidence for a lower prescription prevalence of OPT in females (37.0% vs. 42.7%). Differences in patient and healthcare variables (e.g. demographics, comorbidities, prior treatment) between women and men explained 56% of this gap. The sex prescription gap did not narrow over time despite an overall upward trend in prescription prevalence for both women and men.CONCLUSION: Although presenting older and with more severe symptoms at the index admission for PAOD, women have a lower prescription prevalence of OPT compared with men, particularly with respect to lipid lowering drugs.",
keywords = "Chronic limb threatening ischaemia, Intermittent claudication, Optimal medical therapy, Peripheral arterial occlusive disease, Sex disparities, Healthcare Disparities/trends, Age Factors, Health Status Disparities, Humans, Middle Aged, Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use, Male, Hypolipidemic Agents/therapeutic use, Time Factors, Aged, 80 and over, Adult, Female, Retrospective Studies, Databases, Factual, Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use, Severity of Illness Index, Risk Assessment, Peripheral Arterial Disease/diagnostic imaging, Germany/epidemiology, Treatment Outcome, Drug Prescriptions, Drug Utilization/trends, Sex Factors, Administrative Claims, Healthcare, Aged, Practice Patterns, Physicians'/trends",
author = "Frederik Peters and Thea Kreutzburg and Rie{\ss}, {Henrik C} and Franziska Heidemann and Ursula Marschall and Helmut L'Hoest and Debus, {Eike S} and Art Sedrakyan and Christian-Alexander Behrendt",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
year = "2020",
month = sep,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ejvs.2020.05.001",
language = "English",
volume = "60",
pages = "421--429",
journal = "EUR J VASC ENDOVASC",
issn = "1078-5884",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Optimal pharmacological treatment of symptomatic peripheral arterial occlusive disease and evidence of female patient disadvantage: An analysis of health insurance claims data

T2 - Editor´s Choice

AU - Peters, Frederik

AU - Kreutzburg, Thea

AU - Rieß, Henrik C

AU - Heidemann, Franziska

AU - Marschall, Ursula

AU - L'Hoest, Helmut

AU - Debus, Eike S

AU - Sedrakyan, Art

AU - Behrendt, Christian-Alexander

N1 - Copyright © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PY - 2020/9/1

Y1 - 2020/9/1

N2 - OBJECTIVE: Optimal pharmacological treatment (OPT) for peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) includes prescription of lipid lowering drugs, antithrombotics, and antihypertensives to symptomatic patients affected by intermittent claudication or chronic limb threatening ischaemia. This study sought to determine sex disparities and time trends in prescription of OPT in this population (clinicaltrials.gov NCT03909022).METHODS: Using data from the second largest insurance fund in Germany, BARMER, data on patients with an index admission for symptomatic PAOD between 1 January 2010 and 30 June 2018 with follow up until the end of 2018 were analysed. Sex disparities in post-discharge prescription status six months after index admission were tested and adjusted for patient and healthcare variables using bivariable tests and logistic regression analysis. Time trends in the prescription prevalence of OPT were analysed and tested.RESULTS: There were 83 867 patients (mean age 71.9 years and 45.8% women) eligible for inclusion in the study. When compared with men, women had lower rates of prior outpatient care for PAOD (39.8% vs. 47.0%), were admitted more often with ischaemic rest pain (13.9% vs. 10.4%) and were older (74 vs. 70 y). After discharge, women had a lower rate of prescriptions for lipid lowering drugs (52.4% vs. 59.9%), while they received antihypertensive drugs more often (86.7% vs. 84.1%). We found evidence for a lower prescription prevalence of OPT in females (37.0% vs. 42.7%). Differences in patient and healthcare variables (e.g. demographics, comorbidities, prior treatment) between women and men explained 56% of this gap. The sex prescription gap did not narrow over time despite an overall upward trend in prescription prevalence for both women and men.CONCLUSION: Although presenting older and with more severe symptoms at the index admission for PAOD, women have a lower prescription prevalence of OPT compared with men, particularly with respect to lipid lowering drugs.

AB - OBJECTIVE: Optimal pharmacological treatment (OPT) for peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) includes prescription of lipid lowering drugs, antithrombotics, and antihypertensives to symptomatic patients affected by intermittent claudication or chronic limb threatening ischaemia. This study sought to determine sex disparities and time trends in prescription of OPT in this population (clinicaltrials.gov NCT03909022).METHODS: Using data from the second largest insurance fund in Germany, BARMER, data on patients with an index admission for symptomatic PAOD between 1 January 2010 and 30 June 2018 with follow up until the end of 2018 were analysed. Sex disparities in post-discharge prescription status six months after index admission were tested and adjusted for patient and healthcare variables using bivariable tests and logistic regression analysis. Time trends in the prescription prevalence of OPT were analysed and tested.RESULTS: There were 83 867 patients (mean age 71.9 years and 45.8% women) eligible for inclusion in the study. When compared with men, women had lower rates of prior outpatient care for PAOD (39.8% vs. 47.0%), were admitted more often with ischaemic rest pain (13.9% vs. 10.4%) and were older (74 vs. 70 y). After discharge, women had a lower rate of prescriptions for lipid lowering drugs (52.4% vs. 59.9%), while they received antihypertensive drugs more often (86.7% vs. 84.1%). We found evidence for a lower prescription prevalence of OPT in females (37.0% vs. 42.7%). Differences in patient and healthcare variables (e.g. demographics, comorbidities, prior treatment) between women and men explained 56% of this gap. The sex prescription gap did not narrow over time despite an overall upward trend in prescription prevalence for both women and men.CONCLUSION: Although presenting older and with more severe symptoms at the index admission for PAOD, women have a lower prescription prevalence of OPT compared with men, particularly with respect to lipid lowering drugs.

KW - Chronic limb threatening ischaemia

KW - Intermittent claudication

KW - Optimal medical therapy

KW - Peripheral arterial occlusive disease

KW - Sex disparities

KW - Healthcare Disparities/trends

KW - Age Factors

KW - Health Status Disparities

KW - Humans

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use

KW - Male

KW - Hypolipidemic Agents/therapeutic use

KW - Time Factors

KW - Aged, 80 and over

KW - Adult

KW - Female

KW - Retrospective Studies

KW - Databases, Factual

KW - Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use

KW - Severity of Illness Index

KW - Risk Assessment

KW - Peripheral Arterial Disease/diagnostic imaging

KW - Germany/epidemiology

KW - Treatment Outcome

KW - Drug Prescriptions

KW - Drug Utilization/trends

KW - Sex Factors

KW - Administrative Claims, Healthcare

KW - Aged

KW - Practice Patterns, Physicians'/trends

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85087613764&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ejvs.2020.05.001

DO - 10.1016/j.ejvs.2020.05.001

M3 - SCORING: Journal articles

C2 - 32669223

VL - 60

SP - 421

EP - 429

JO - EUR J VASC ENDOVASC

JF - EUR J VASC ENDOVASC

SN - 1078-5884

IS - 3

ER -