Cardiac Troponins for the Diagnosis of Acute Myocardial Infarction in Chronic Kidney Disease

  • Daniel Kraus
  • Beatrice von Jeinsen
  • Stergios Tzikas
  • Lars Palapies
  • Tanja Zeller
  • Christoph Bickel
  • Georg Fette
  • Karl J Lackner
  • Christiane Drechsler
  • Johannes T Neumann
  • Stephan Baldus
  • Stefan Blankenberg
  • Thomas Münzel
  • Christoph Wanner
  • Andreas M Zeiher
  • Till Keller

Abstract

Background Patients with chronic kidney disease ( CKD ) are at high risk of myocardial infarction. Cardiac troponins are the biomarkers of choice for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction ( AMI ) without ST -segment elevation ( NSTE ). In patients with CKD , troponin levels are often chronically elevated, which reduces their diagnostic utility when NSTE - AMI is suspected. The aim of this study was to derive a diagnostic algorithm for serial troponin measurements in patients with CKD and suspected NSTE - AMI . Methods and Results Two cohorts, 1494 patients from a prospective cohort study with high-sensitivity troponin I (hs- cTnI ) measurements and 7059 cases from a clinical registry with high-sensitivity troponin T (hs- cTnT ) measurements, were analyzed. The prospective cohort comprised 280 CKD patients (estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m2). The registry data set contained 1581 CKD patients. In both cohorts, CKD patients were more likely to have adjudicated NSTE - AMI than non- CKD patients. The specificities of hs- cTnI and hs- cTnT to detect NSTE - AMI were reduced with CKD (0.82 versus 0.91 for hs- cTnI and 0.26 versus 0.73 for hs- cTnT ) but could be restored by applying optimized cutoffs to either the first or a second measurement after 3 hours. The best diagnostic performance was achieved with an algorithm that incorporates serial measurements and rules in or out AMI in 69% (hs- cTnI ) and 55% (hs- cTnT ) of CKD patients. Conclusions The diagnostic performance of high-sensitivity cardiac troponins in patients with CKD with suspected NSTE - AMI is improved by use of an algorithm based on admission troponin and dynamic changes in troponin concentration.

Bibliographical metadata

Original languageEnglish
ISSN2047-9980
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 02.10.2018
PubMed 30371308